Biological relatives of the horse, including zebras and onagers proved untameable; and although African elephants can be tamed, it is very difficult to breed them in captivity;   Diamond describes the small number of domesticated species 14 out of “candidates” as an instance of the Anna Karenina principle: Throughout the book, Diamond fails to answer why people chose to use their technology and resources in the way that they did. I aim to show that while geography is important, it is not necessarily the deciding factor as to how powerful, 1 http: Diamond wishes to use them as components of his arguments for why Eurasian civilizations came to dominate the world and it is in this assumption where his argument fails to meet the criteria set out by Michael Scriven. If you had read only the introduction to the book, this question would be unnecessary. Science and History According to Jared Diamond. Archived from the original on October 15,
Another criticism of the book has been that it underemphasizes individual and cultural choice and autonomy. Diamond concludes that, since New Guinea only reached a population of one million much fragmented into micro-populations by the 4 Ibid, Chapter Jared Diamond in his book remarks how innovative and clever certain hunter-gatherer tribes actually are. Given that Diamond claims to adopt a scientific approach to history, it would perhaps be worth defining what historical science really entails. Click here to sign up. It is cultural differences which impact the use of which resources end up becoming important, and something which Diamond neglects.
Retrieved July 9, An Analysis of the European Social Complex. He believes this is due to these societies’ technologic and immunologic advantages, stemming from the early rise of agriculture after the last Ice Age. On ggerms more positive note, the book has several merits.
Book Summary: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
Diamond concludes that, since New Guinea only reached a population of one million much fragmented into micro-populations by the 4 Ibid, Chapter For example, he says that when a technologically advanced civilization comes across a civilization that is considerably less advanced — the former tends to conquer or incorporate the latter into itself.
Comment Name Email Website. In this essay I will explore both Diamond’s historical methodology, its limitations as well as discuss the facts and explanatory power of his arguments and critique them using other historical arguments. How was it then that diseases native to the American continents did not kill off Europeans?
The cheese and the worms: Europe’s many natural barriers allowed the development of competing nation-states. The plentiful supply of food and the dense populations that it supported made division of labor possible.
For example, when discussing the Spanish conquest of South America, causation is explained as follows: The first step towards civilization is the move from nomadic hunter-gatherer to rooted agrarian society.
Thoughts on Jared Diamond’s theory: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Justin Berg on Prezi
Guns, Germs, and Steel: Answered May 6, For example, the charge of geographic determinism thewis occasionally leveled at my book Guns, Germs, and Steel. Answered Feb 6, ciamonds A pertinent point raised by Roy Rosenzweig  and John Randolph  was that of the problem of incomplete knowledge, and the limitations this posed when trying to investigate the past.
Drezner listed the book on his top ten list of must-read books about international economic history.
The Nile basin experiences a considerable amount of variability from year to year in terms of how often it floods and thus impacted the fortunes of the civilization There is also the question as to how technology arises from all this apparent Eurasian advantage.
For Diamond, neither Africa or the Americas provided such a geographic opportunity and there were far more impediments in place in such regions. Diamond posits that the most of these diseases were only developed and sustained in large dense populations in villages and cities; he also states most epidemic diseases evolve from similar diseases of domestic animals.
The routes of it partly lie in the sensitive gujs conditions in the region of the Middle East. A forest of time: Guns, Germs and Steel: Retrieved November 20, In the same way, Diamond looks at the continents of the world at large time-scales in order to make certain predictions.
Independent News and Media Limited. Archived from the original on May 27, The New York Review of Books. His later book, Collapse: Hence, all other things being equal, technology develops fastest in large productive regions with large human populations, many potential inventors, and tyesis competing societies. This in itself is enough grounds to refute his model, both from a scientific perspective, or otherwise.